Here are 10 remarkable facts about CBD

by dope smoker on April 13, 2018

1. CBD is an important part of the cannabis plant

You may hear a lot about THC but it is the CBD in cannabis that also contributes a myriad of strengths to the plants medical properties. Its extensive list of uses can be seen in the chart above.

CBD is found in varying amounts in cannabis, often very small percentages but has recently been bred up to higher amounts to create strains with stronger medical effects.

2. CBD can be used to treat osteoarthritis

In the US you can now get CBD gummies from companies like Every Day Optimal CBD edibles. A dose of CBD in a sweet. This is what one person had to say about their efficacy:

“I have frozen shoulder in my left arm as well as osteoarthritis in both knees, which means I am constantly in pain. I hate taking pills and a friend of mine suggested that I try these instead. After a few days, I noticed a marked improvement.

I am not going to say that it is totally eliminated, BUT this has to be the best solution I found so far. The fact that they taste good is an added bonus. My husband has back pain quite often because he works in construction and he loves them too. They are good enough for the whole family!”

3. CBD can be used to treat your pet

Animals too have endocannabinoid systems so can be treated although some vets do advise against it. Each animal has their own cannabinoid receptors and most animals produce endocannabinoids.

These receptors can also be found in all non human mammals, reptiles, birds, fish and also invertebrates, lots of animals do react to cannabis.

Speaking about giving cannabis to her cancer ridden cat Monkey in the Guardian, Amanda Reiman said:

“It brought her energy back, she was eating and playing – she was actually acting healthier than she had been before she was diagnosed with cancer… I knew it wasn’t a cure for her, and in the end she passed away several months later. But I really do feel it gave her a quality of life at the end; instead of just fading away, she stayed strong right up until the end.”

4. CBD has been scientifically proved to kill cancer cells

“Gallily et al. [44] provided first evidence of a possible exploitation of CBD in the treatment of lymphoblastic diseases. They demonstrated that CBD treatment induced apoptosis, through caspase-3 activation in human acute myeloid leukaemia HL-60 cell line, whereas it had no effect on human monocytes from normal individuals.”

Link to study.

CBD has also showed promise in the treatment of breast cancer.

5. CBD can be used in cooking

As CBD is fat soluble (like all cannabis) you can simply add it to whatever fat or oil you are using for cooking. It works really well with coconut oil for example.

It’s best added to the type of food which can easily be split into portions so you can regulate the dose you are taking to some extent. It doesn’t taste great on its own but like this you won’t taste the CBD at all. Try not to let temperatures get above 180C/356F or the oil may vaporise.

Check out this book for some yummy desert ideas.

6. CBD is a powerful anti psychotic

A recent study in the UK suggests that CBD could represent a whole new class of treatment for psychosis that does not carry any major side effects.

More info here:

“Although it is still unclear exactly how CBD works, it acts in a different way to antipsychotic medication, and thus could represent a new class of treatment. The study indicated that CBD may be effective in psychosis: patients treated with CBD showed a significant reduction in symptoms, and their treating psychiatrists rated them as having improved overall…Moreover, CBD was not associated with significant side effects. This is also potentially important, as patients may be reluctant to take antipsychotic medication because of concerns about side effects.”

With zero side effects and reports like this you can see why some large corporate interests may have wanted to keep cannabis out of our hands for so long.

7. CBD is very effective against epilepsy

In this touching documentary Sanjay Gupta covers the amazing story of Charlotte Figi, a little girl in the US who has seen her life turned around by CBD. She suffers from a severe cause of epilepsy known as Dravets Syndrome, causing several hundred seizures a week, all life threatening.

The CBD took her down to just one seizure a week and completely transformed Charlotte’s health.

Official confirmation of this can be found here. In the UK the wheels of care seem to turn more slowly.

Charlotte’s Mother said:

“[Charlotte] is consistently eating and drinking on her own for the first time in years. She sleeps soundly through the night. Her severe autism-like behaviors of self-injury, stimming, crying, violence, no eye contact, zero sleep, lack of social contact … are a thing of the past. She is clear-headed, focused, has no attention deficit. Charlotte rides horses, skis, paints, dances, hikes. She even has friends for the first time. Her brain is healing. She is healthy. She is happy.”

8. CBD does not make you feel ‘stoned’

THC is the cannabinoid that can make you feel ‘stoned’ when you consumer your cannabis. CBD does not affect you in the same way as THC does.

For example smoking a joint of Mr Nices Mango Haze CBD makes you feel relaxed and kills pain but does not make you feel ‘stoned’ in any sense of the word. It actually gives you an energy boost.

9. CBD has been shown to improve brain functions

CBD has demonstrated the function of supporting normal cellular function as well as immune response. It also helps people to grow old in a healthy way by offering mitochondrial support.

There is also emerging evidence that CBD helps the brain to repair itself and can even help to damage brain tissue following a stroke.

10. CBD can help you recover from an addiction

CBD has been shown to be an agonist of 5-HT1a serotoninergic receptors and to regulate stress response and compulsive behaviors.More here.

These links to studies show how CBD has been helpful in treating a whole host of addictions, including withdrawal from opioids and other dangerous pharmaceuticals.


Traditionally, growing cannabis in a cold climate has been a case of identifying early finishing strains that won’t get caught out by the cold and damp in October.

Naturally, this has limited the ability of  growers to grow long flowering strains such as haze and other cannabis Sativa varieties, because the time needed to ‘finish’ these plants outside meant at best they have to be cut early, at worst they are permanently damaged by mould or frosts.

Advances in the development of ‘autoflowering’ strains has meant that this limitation has now been completely removed. It is now possible to grow strains such as Power Plant, White Diesel Haze as well as many others outdoors in colder climates by growing versions of them that autoflower.

These new autoflowering plants are different in that they automatically go from their initial vegetative state into flower, without being dependent on changes to lighting hours. This all means you can plant a seed and simply harvest your bud just 70 days later. Very straightforward and this feature also reduces the window of good light needed, meaning you can plant seeds in the UK in May, June or July and reap the rewards 70 or so days later. Bonus!

Traditional cannabis seed options

Autoflowering seeds are not the only answer to growing in cold climates.

Traditional cannabis seeds (photoperiod sensitive) that finish budding in September or early October are also completely viable.

Dutch Passion Blueberry

A good example of a photoperiod variety that works well in the cold is Dutch Passion Blueberry. As well as being a renowned cannabis variety with a beautiful Indica stone popular with medical users, this plant is also widely reported to do well outdoors. It may also go blue or purple during the grow, adding to its natural beauty and appeal.

LSD from Barneys Farm

Is also a very easy to grow plants that will grow well outdoors in colder areas. The high is out of this world – fun, trippy and strong-the kind of thing you don’t tend to smoke more than one dooby of. And don’t make plans!  The plant itself can take all kinds of abuse and still carries on doing its thing. Definitely worth checking out.

Early Skunk from Sensi Seeds

Early Skunk is a plant that has been specifically bred to do well in cold weather. Finishing earlier than other versions of Skunk, this plant will yield really well and won’t give you too much bother in the grow either. Good for beginners and a solid bet for a decent harvest in a cold place.

Red Purps from Female Seeds

This plant gets a huge amount of attention because of its 7 week flowering period and stimulating Sativa effects. A very tasty (strawberry/liquorice) plant that has become a firm favourite with UK growers. This is a very special hybrid that wont let you down, whatever the weather. Finishes in September and easy to grow.

In the past it was always the case that photoperiod sensitive plants would yield more than their traditional relatives, but this is definitely no longer the case and it is not unusual for autos growing in the land to yield several ounces per plant.  For a more detailed list of strains that grow well in cold climates there is a post on UK420.

Autoflowering strains that will deliver

Sensi Seeds Purple Bud Automatic

Purple Bud Automatic has been grown very successfully throughout the UK (including Scotland) and is a beautiful looking plant. It’s an Indica dominant variety with a very pleasant high and pristine purple buds that are a joy to behold for even the most discerning of growers. She’s a great option for beginners, being easy to grow and quick to deliver its harvest. The high is a very relaxing but functional stone.

Sensi Seeds Sensi Skunk Automatic

Sensi Seeds created the original Skunk and this is a magical reworked version that has been responsible for super high yields throughout the UK and other countries with cold climates. A strong high that won’t disappoint you, however long you have been smoking the herb. Very reliable indeed.  Tested in harsh climates this auto is extremely resiliant – whatever the weather.

Dinafem Cheese XXL

Another high performance auto, Dinafem Cheese XXL delivers massive buds of cheese in around 80 days. This plant is very easy to grow and I can say from personal experience that it is a great smoke. The size of the buds will impress you. If you want cheese fast, this is the plant to grow. Very easy to grow. Literally plant in good soil and stand back!

Buddha Seeds Magnum

This is a beauty of a plant. More details about growing it here. Magnum led the way in autoflowering magic when it first came out. Farmers in Spain were astounded when they discovered yields of 250g per plant were possible when growing it directly in the ground (ie, not in a pot). It does great in colder climates too, planted between May and July. The high is a focused energising trip that will make you active, relaxed and driven. Well worth checking out.

Chaze Super Autoflower

This is one amazing plant. A cross of two old school powerhouses – cheese and haze.  No long wait for the haze genetics to finish though, as this plant will be totally done in 15 weeks from start to finish.  A little longer than a standard autoflower- but well worth the wait. Gets pretty big too. The high is a fantastic experience that will be popular with most. An active and happy cheese buzz that lasts really well. Some of the best weed I have ever grown, I will definitely come back to this plant.

It’s also worth your while to check out the plants classed as being able to do well in cold climates at Sensi Seeds. Good luck!



What are the best cannabis seeds for beginners?

by dope smoker on March 19, 2018

This is a difficult question to answer properly; there are literally dozens of easy to grow strains out there and beginners will do well with many of them. This is not rocket science, you will find growing cannabis is pretty much like growing any vegetable (yes it is classed as a vegetable)!

Here’s something to take into consideration though:

Before you start looking for seeds ask yourself whether you are going to use autoflowering seeds or not. These relatively new to the scene seeds have rapidly become very popular with growers and with good reason. They offer a quicker grow for one thing. As well as other advantages.

Autoflowering Seeds?

Autoflowering seeds just flower into cannabis flowers after 10-12 weeks, some take a little longer, but that’s generally the time-span you’ll be looking at. They are typically feminized, and you don’t have to worry about what time of year you plant them or changing light timers if you’re growing indoors. You plant and water them, and they will grow into lovely buds in most cases. A miracle of modern day cannabis breeding and a gift to the home grower.

Outdoors you can just plant autoflowers, and they will grow (from around May-August you can plant autoflowers in the UK.) Indoors they are usually given around 18-20 hours of light each day to get the best from them.

Feminized or Regular?

Seeds that do not autoflower come into two categories, just to complicate things you have ‘regular’ and ‘feminized’ seeds as well.

Regular seeds are as nature intended and considered by many to be the only way to grow weed.  Regular seeds will grow into either male or female plants, and you don’t want to be growing males if you can help it. There are no buds on male cannabis plants.

Feminized seeds are just that and have been developed to only be female using specialised breeding techniques. They will always grow into female plants with the desired buds forming during the flowering period.

Both feminized and regular seeds are what is known as photoperiod sensitive, in that they will start to flower when there is around 12 hours darkness every night.

This happens when you change your lighting timers from 18 to 12 hours or outdoors it occurs at or around September time.

Each plant has a slightly different flowering length, and flowering trigger time, however. Flowering times tend to take from between 8 and 12 weeks though some more exotic strains can go even longer. Growing strains that flower for a long period is not advisable outdoors in the UK because of weather in the later part of winter – frost will kill off your plant if the damp doesn’t get to your prized buds first.

Indica or Sativa?

Some weed sends you to sleep. That would be an Indica. Other weed makes you tidy up and clean your house. That’s a Sativa.  And that is a very black and white explanation. There are many shades inbetween Indica and Sativa – ie hybrids which are a mixture of a little bit of one or a bit of the other.

The general rule is though that Sativas tend to be more uplifting, cerebral and stimulating whereas your Indica will offer more of a body high often with powerful pain killing and soporific effects. Some hybrids offer a wonderful combination of the two qualities, killing pain but also giving you the energy to function. Famous hybrids you may have heard of include White Widow and Northern Lights. Most modern cannabis varieties are hybrids of some sort.

Autoflowers for ease?

Some would say autoflowering seeds are better for beginners, given the quick turnaround and amount of care required. Autoflowers have improved greatly in recent years and make for an easier to grow cannabis plant that also takes less time than growing feminized or regular seeds, generally speaking.

They are also normally smaller and so easier to conceal or grow in small areas.

No lighting changes to induce flowering make autoflowering seeds a simpler prospect. It has also been my experience that autos in most cases smell a lot less than photoperiod strains when they are in bud.

Definitely check out Fastbuds if you are thinking about autos as they have some wonderful examples of US genetics in autoflowering format. All their strains are pretty straightforward to grow.

And there’s a page here on high yielding autoflowering strains.

Don’t miss: The Ultimate Guide to Autoflowering Cannabis

Northern Lights

Northern Lights comes up a lot in recommendations for beginners. It is a very nice smoke indeed with a strong body effect. It’s an Indica which means it won’t grow to be huge and flowers in a mere 7 to 8 weeks time.  You can’t really go wrong with Northern Lights. It also yields really well so you’d get a substantial harvest when flowering is over.

It will take some punishment from a first time grower without problem and is suitable for somebody seeking medical benefits from the plant. Should be helpful for sleep, but won’t immediately knock you out, kind of thing.


I have to say this plant has delivered again and again over many seasons. It’s always on my list as it’s simple to grow and is a fantastic smoke. Definitely one of my favourite autos of all time. Available here.

You can easily get well over an ounce from this autoflowering plant without trying very hard at all. The high is euphoric and uplifting, letting you get your stuff done but also keeping you in a very happy place. I love this plant. More about growing that here.

Sensi Seeds

Sensi Seeds have recently expanded their autoflowering offering and their ’Sensi Skunk Auto’ is getting some pretty interesting reviews. I’m very much looking forward to growing this in the future, sounds like it’s a nice choice for beginners too, especially in cold and windy UK climates.

As well as their autos, Sensi have a special beginners strains section which is well worth checking out. Sensi Seeds genetics have been around longer than most other cannabis seeds. With them you are buying directly from the breeder and can expect the best.

Other recommendations

Dinafem XXL Autos are pretty impressive. Personally, I’ve only grown their Cheese XXL outdoors which was easy to grow with absolutely massive buds that literally explode into existence after a few weeks.  It was simple to grow – just about grew itself – and the effect is very strong and cheesey. It’s not the same as their standard cheese but is a pretty fun stoned effect, all in all one fantastic plant.

You can also check out the beginners section at Seed Supreme.

Please let me know if you have any good recommendations for good beginners cannabis seeds in the comments below. Thanks!


Picture from the Autoflower Network.

This page was updated on the 11th March 2018.

Autoflowering strains have come on a lot over the years, and now the renowned Sensi Seeds have some really nice examples.

If you are purely looking for yield then Jack 47 Auto from Sweet Seeds literally explodes and is definitely one of the most powerful autos that I have seen. Nice taste and an up high, you can’t ask for much more then this. She’s a beast. Easy to get a few ounces per plant with this one.

The Magnum from Buddha Seeds is also a firm favourite which I found easy to grow. It has wonderful active high that helps you get stuff done. No growing difficulties at all and very consistent. Well worth your time. Details of growing the Magnum here.

Dinafem Cheese XXL is also wonderful and exhibits very long buds of fruity goodness in no time at all. This plant is in a league of its own. Really easy to grow and massive buds of cheesey type weed. A complete winner. A heavier, fun stone.

Sensi Seeds have quite a few autos in their collection now but the Sensi Skunk Auto appears to be getting excellent reviews with decent yields. It’s the kind of thing that would grow really well outdoors in the UK, even Scotland by the sounds of things it’s very hardy.

Fast Buds have some great yielding plants too. They breed classic American genetics into autoflowers with fantastic results. Well worth checking out. Their Girl Scout Cookies is a particularly fierce and tasty cosmic Indica I wont be forgetting in a hurry.


8 Things to know about vaping

by dope smoker on March 9, 2018

1. Adjustment from smoking

If you smoke a lot of potent cannabis and suddenly switch to a vaporizer, it’s possible you might not even notice the high immediately. It can be quite a subtle thing so it might be an idea (shock horror) to take a little break to let your body adjust to ‘not smoking’ so you will get more from your first vape hit. Obviously, this is going to depend a lot on which vape you end up using, but a short break of a day or even half a day may help you to properly appreciate what vaping is all about.

2. Maintenance

Some vaporizers are going to need regular maintenance. Some not so much. For example, if you use a portable like the Ploom Pax, that actually comes with a cleaning kit including pipe cleaners, and if you are a heavy toker then you are going to find yourself cleaning out that shaft every few days in order to keep the vape running at optimum.

This is not the case for other portables such as the Arizer Solo, so bear this in mind when considering what vaporizer will suit you best.

Desktop vapes tend to require less cleaning than portables.  This site has some decent marijuana vaporizer reviews.

3. Subtlety

The thing about smoking a doob is that everybody within 20 metres or so of you is going to know what you are doing. That is not the case for vaping. You’d be amazed at the places that you can do a vape without being noticed. Clearly the popularity of vaping for cigarettes means now that you won’t immediately look like you are up to something that might be seen as suspicious. Whereas you had to pop out for a smoke before, there’s none of that involved with vapes, and you can even get away with having a quick blast in the supermarket if you like that sort of thing.

4. Differences in strains

There is no doubt about it that some strains go better in the vape than others. It’s like some strains were actually made for vaping because of the substantial effect and marvellous taste, whereas another strain might not quite tick the same boxes. Some weed is just better off being smoked in my humble opinion.

The only way to work this out is to find your favourite vaping strains and stick to those if you want to avoid all combustion. Remember if you do end up smoking a doobie or two and then going back to vaping then it’s not the end of the world.

5. Costs

If you can get into vaping long term then you are going to save a fortune on your weed, no two ways about it. Depending on the vape I would estimate that you will end up using a half or maybe even a third of the amount of weed that you would if you were smoking. And you’ll be just as stoned, but generally speaking in a more manageable way.

This is a significant factor for many people, and you will just be amazed at the differences possible in consumption, especially if you are used to smoking weed pure in a spliff. Your herb will stretch out for much more extended periods

6. A wider range of cannabinoid consumption

Because cannabis contains at least 113 identified cannabinoids, it always has slightly different effects. These cannabinoids all have different temperatures which they burn or boil at, so when smoking the herb a certain amount of cannabinoids are just not going to be present as they will have been burned off when a certain temperature is reached.

This is just not a problem with vaping as the temperature can be set to a preferred level and you will get to consume a broader range of cannabinoids just by merit of the fact that you are not burning your weed. You will absorb more of the medical qualities of the cannabis, and your skin will improve (from not smoking) I promise. Find out which vape is best for you here.

7. Going back to smoking can taste like a bonfire

Do be aware, once you are used to using a vaporizer that your taste buds and lungs adjust to it. Things (not sure what, exactly) start to grow back in your lungs that were being burned by regular smoking so, if you go back to a spliff after a long time vaping, you are almost certainly going to notice a kind of burning feeling in your lungs (mmm) and the weed that you are smoking is going to taste like a bonfire. Yes, disgusting. This taste pretty much shows you why you have been vaping all that time. It can be quite disgusting so do be careful swapping between smoking and vaping if you’ve been purely vaping for some time.

8. The effect can be adjusted by a change in temperature

One of the wonderful things about (most) vaporisers is that they can be adjusted. This changes the effect – as mentioned above different cannabinoids have different temperatures that they burn off at. Some people like to use low heat on their vape for a better taste whereas if you have been a cigarette smoker for many years, you may prefer to put the temperature up a bit, so you get something that feels more like a ‘hit’ in your throat. Everybody has their own favourite temperature.


The Highest Yielding Strains for Indoor Growers

February 22, 2018

Nowadays, strains like Blue Dream and Sour Diesel are among the most abundant in many US dispensaries. And I’ve always wondered, why these strains? Yes, they are tasty, but so are many others. The answer: high yield and availability.  Blue Dream and Sour Diesel were once the highest yielding strains that were also easy to […]

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How much money can you make growing weed?

February 7, 2018

Growing weed is lucrative, as you may already know. But just how lucrative? How much money can you for instance make with a spare room? Remember some UK police forces have pretty much claimed they are no longer pursuing small scale cannabis growers. There are even cannabis clubs operating with the agreement of progressive thinking […]

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What is a Vaporizer? And why you should have one

June 19, 2017

Aromatherapy has been used for ages to reduce the symptoms of many diseases. It’s safe and gentle. And even though many of us associate it with our grandmothers’ methods, the experience of many generations have shown that there are very few methods of alternative healing or relaxation that work as effectively as aromatherapy. Thanks to […]

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The Ultimate Guide to Growing Autoflowering Cannabis

May 16, 2017

Here’s how a busy London housewife with no previous growing experience grew over 3 ounces of premium cannabis in her back garden. Carmella is a 42 year old mother that works a busy events job in town and leads a hectic social life. She loves a smoke but finds much London weed too strong, expensive […]

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Where can I buy cannabis seeds online for the UK?

May 15, 2017

Here are some recommendations. I have personally used all these sites and can vouch for their trustworthyness. Consider their presence a good review. The Vault are great, I have used them previously and they have a huge selection of seeds. Discreet rapid delivery. UK based with decent customer service and competitive pricing. You can trust […]

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